How to Programmatically navigate using react router


#1

In React v4 there are 3 approaches that you can take to programmatic routing within components.

  1. Use the withRouter higher-order component.
  2. Use composition and render a <Route>
  3. Use the context .

React Router is mostly a wrapper around the history library. history handles interaction with the browser’s window.history for you with its browser and hash histories. It also provides a memory history which is useful for environments that don’t have a global history. This is particularly useful in mobile app development ( react-native ) and unit testing with Node.

A history instance has two methods for navigating: push and replace . If you think of the history as an array of visited locations, push will add a new location to the array and replace will replace the current location in the array with the new one. Typically you will want to use the push method when you are navigating.

In earlier versions of React Router, you had to create your own history instance, but in v4 the <BrowserRouter> , <HashRouter> , and <MemoryRouter> components will created browser, hash, and memory instances for you. React Router makes the properties and methods of the history instance associated with your router available through the context, under the router object.

1. Use the withRouter higher-order component

The withRouter higher-order component will inject the history object as a prop of the component. This allows you to access the push and replace methods without having to deal with the context .

import { withRouter } from 'react-router-dom'
// this also works with react-router-native

const Button = withRouter(({ history }) => (
  <button
    type='button'
    onClick={() => { history.push('/new-location') }}
  >
    Click Me!
  </button>
))

2. Use composition and render a <Route>

The <Route> component isn’t just for matching locations. You can render a pathless route and it will always match the current location . The <Route> component passes the same props as withRouter , so you will be able to access the history methods through the history prop.

import { Route } from 'react-router-dom'

const Button = () => (
  <Route render={({ history}) => (
    <button
      type='button'
      onClick={() => { history.push('/new-location') }}
    >
      Click Me!
    </button>
  )} />
)

3. Use the context*

*But you probably should not

The last option is one that you should only use if you feel comfortable working with React’s contextmodel. Although context is an option, it should be stressed that context is an unstable API and React has a section Why Not To Use Context in their documentation. So use at your own risk!

const Button = (props, context) => (
  <button
    type='button'
    onClick={() => {
      // context.history.push === history.push
      context.history.push('/new-location')
    }}
  >
    Click Me!
  </button>
)

// you need to specify the context type so that it
// is available within the component
Button.contextTypes = {
  history: React.PropTypes.shape({
    push: React.PropTypes.func.isRequired
  })
}

1 and 2 are the simplest choices to implement, so for most use cases they are your best bets.


#2

React-Router 4.0.0+ Answer

In 4.0 and above, use the history as a prop of your component.

class Example extends React.Component {
   // use `this.props.history.push('/some/path')` here
};

React-Router 3.0.0+ Answer

In 3.0 and above, use the router as a prop of your component.

class Example extends React.Component {
   // use `this.props.router.push('/some/path')` here
};

React-Router 2.4.0+ Answer

In 2.4 and above, use a higher order component to get the router as a prop of your component.

import { withRouter } from 'react-router';

class Example extends React.Component {
   // use `this.props.router.push('/some/path')` here
};

// Export the decorated class
var DecoratedExample = withRouter(Example);

// PropTypes
Example.propTypes = {
  router: React.PropTypes.shape({
    push: React.PropTypes.func.isRequired
  }).isRequired
};

React-Router 2.0.0+ Answer

This version is backwards compatible with 1.x so there’s no need to an Upgrade Guide. Just going through the examples should be good enough.

That said, if you wish to switch to the new pattern, there’s a browserHistory module inside the router that you can access with

import { browserHistory } from 'react-router'

Now you have access to your browser history, so you can do things like push, replace, etc… Like:

browserHistory.push('/some/path')

Further reading: Histories and Navigation

React-Router 1.x.x Answer

I will not go into upgrading details. You can read about that in the Upgrade Guide

The main change about the question here is the change from Navigation mixin to History. Now it’s using the browser historyAPI to change route so we will use pushState() from now on.

Here’s an exemple using Mixin:

var Example = React.createClass({
  mixins: [ History ],
  navigateToHelpPage () {
    this.history.pushState(null, `/help`);
  }
})

Note that this History comes from rackt/history project. Not from React-Router itself.

If you don’t want to use Mixin for some reason (maybe because of ES6 class), then you can access the history that you get from the router from this.props.history . It will be only accessible for the components rendered by your Router. So, if you want to use it in any child components it needs to be passed down as an attribute via props .

You can read more about the new release at their 1.0.x documentation

Here is a help page specifically about navigating outside your component

It recommends grabbing a reference history = createHistory() and calling replaceState on that.

React-Router 0.13.x Answer

I got into the same problem and could only find the solution with the Navigation mixin that comes with react-router.

Here’s how I did it

import React from 'react';
import {Navigation} from 'react-router';

let Authentication = React.createClass({
  mixins: [Navigation],

  handleClick(e) {
    e.preventDefault();

    this.transitionTo('/');
  },

  render(){
    return (<div onClick={this.handleClick}>Click me!</div>);
  }
});

I was able to call transitionTo() without the need to access .context

Or you could try the fancy ES6 class

import React from 'react';

export default class Authentication extends React.Component {
  constructor(props) {
    super(props);
    this.handleClick = this.handleClick.bind(this);
  }

  handleClick(e) {
    e.preventDefault();

    this.context.router.transitionTo('/');
  }

  render(){
    return (<div onClick={this.handleClick}>Click me!</div>);
  }
}

Authentication.contextTypes = {
  router: React.PropTypes.func.isRequired
};

React-Router-Redux

Note: if you’re using Redux, there is another project called React-Router-Redux that gives you redux bindings for ReactRouter, using somewhat the same approach that React-Redux does

React-Router-Redux has a few methods available that allow for simple navigating from inside action creators. These can be particularly useful for people that have existing architecture in React Native, and they wish to utilize the same patterns in React Web with minimal boilerplate overhead.

Explore the following methods:

  • push(location)
  • replace(location)
  • go(number)
  • goBack()
  • goForward()

Here is an example usage, with Redux-Thunk:

./actioncreators.js

import { goBack } from 'react-router-redux'

export const onBackPress = () => (dispatch) => dispatch(goBack())

./viewcomponent.js

<button
  disabled={submitting}
  className="cancel_button"
  onClick={(e) => {
    e.preventDefault()
    this.props.onBackPress()
  }}
>
  CANCEL
</button>